The ancient communal houses have the most unique folk architecture in the Northern Delta
daitranvan 18-04-2021, 14:35

The ancient palaces of Doai and Kinh Bac are always considered as valuable folk architectural heritage, creating a unique and unique cultural value for the countryside in the Northern Delta.

Dinh Dinh Bang (Tu Son, Bac Ninh), also known as Bang communal house, is one of the most beautiful architectural houses that still exist today. The roof is broad, the majesty of the blades, the rules of adapting to the monsoon climate, and dense sculptural decorations. In the past, there was a word of mouth: “The first is Dong Khang communal house, the second is Bang family, glorious” Diem communal house “.

Built in the post-Le dynasty, lasted for 36 years, from 1700 to 1736 was completed. The massive royal court is connected to the rear harem in the form of a mallet-shaped plan, also known as “nail letter” 丁. The great hall is 20m long, 14m wide and 8m high. Particularly, the drooping roof accounts for 5.5m of the total height.

The communal house has a truss-style structure like a pile of ropes, consisting of 7 compartments and 2 lean-tos, built on a high foundation with green stone-bundled terraces. In particular, the house is a stilt house architecture with wooden floors 70cm high above the ground surface. 6 rows of horizontal columns and ten rows of longitudinal columns made of ironwood with diameters from 55cm (with child columns) to 65cm (with parent columns) are placed on green rocks.

The interior is carved and decorated with diverse themes such as dragon, phoenix, dragon, shell, bamboo, gourd, sword. In particular, the image of the dragon takes up a large proportion, about 500 pictures.

The hammock door set and the ceiling panel of the main hall are elaborately carved. On the wooden plank, under the burlap of the female pillar and the child pole there is a carvings of “Bat horse pants” (Herd of eight horses in flight) with very lively poses. In the communal house, there are many panels, the opposite sentence is painted with gold lacquer. Worthy of the title of masterpiece architecture of Beijing.

In the land of Doai, Chu Quyen communal house (Ba Vi, Hanoi) is a typical representative of the ancient communal beauty in the North. The communal house is also called Chang family, dating to the end of the 17th century, representing traditional folk wood architecture of the post Le dynasty.

The ground structure is “Nhat” (一), ie a horizontal rectangle, running 30m long. Architecture of 3 rooms with 2 wings on an area of ​​395m2. The set of traditional wooden frame stacks, with full 6 rows of columns: 2 rows of pillars (60-81cm in diameter), 2 columns of pillars (50cm), 2 rows of veranda columns (50cm), symmetrical with each other across the axis along the house. Column frame type “Upper Autumn Lower Challenge”.

On the wooden frame structure are sophisticated folk sculptures depicting scenes of cockfighting, plucking, folk dancing, tiger riding, horse riding, mascot decorations such as mother phoenix. and the phoenix, the dragon is the main topic here and is shown in many different forms of expression.

Unlike Dinh Bang communal house, Chu Quyen communal house is an open architectural space. Wooden floor is at a height of 80cm from the ground, with 3 levels for villagers to sit according to rank, dignity and age, every time community activities. The harem, the place of worshiping the royal citadel of Nha Lang village, was also not separated, but located in the middle (the main hall) at the position of the main pillars and pillars behind the center of the great hall.

Along with other communal houses located on the land of Doai land such as: Tho Tang communal house, Huong Canh communal house (Vinh Phuc), Tay Dang communal house, So communal house (Hanoi) … and a series of communal houses with large numbers remaining. To this day, Chu Quyen communal house has contributed to creating an outstanding architectural style in a country west of Thang Long, worthy of the proverb: “Cau Nam – North Pagoda – Doai Temple”

Dinh So (in So village, Cong Hoa commune, Quoc Oai, Hanoi city) is located on a prime land, in the foreground of the river behind the mountain. Dinh So is considered as a gathering place for water – gathering blessings for villagers. In the photo is a three-door gate with a row of 18-level stone steps leading down to the semi-moon lake.

Inside the communal house is a high space consisting of 7 rooms with 2 wings, a representative located in the middle of the “boat bed” area where important rituals take place during festivals and holidays. Architectural scale of foreign internal construction style on an area of ​​1,100m2. A total of all buildings across the vertical row of the communal house are 55 compartments, with 64 columns, large and small.

The carvings are integrated with many different styles to create diversity in the decoration. From embossed stylized flowers and leaves: conifer, bamboo, chrysanthemum, apricot to touching the image of the dragon, the craft creates a multi-dimensional architectural space.

In the communal house, there are still 40 dignitaries of ordination from Hoang Dinh 2 (1601) from the Le dynasty to Khai Dinh 9 (1924) of the Nguyen dynasty, along with many antiquities and antiquities. Therefore, in 1980, So communal house was ranked as a National Monument to be preserved by the Ministry of Culture – Sports and Tourism.

Located on a land of mixed mountains, the Day River in front is outside the ring dike, on the left is Rong mountain (in Dong Quang commune); on the right side is Phuong mountain and behind is Rua mountain. This land is considered ideal. According to the old way of saying yes: “Son chầu water convergence”, has “previous record, post occ”; have “long hand, tiger hand”; There is “Minh Duong, Brain Road” … a standard earth position according to the concept of feng shui.

Diem village communal house (Hoa Long, Bac Ninh), built in 1692, has a hammock door that is considered by experts as “unique” in Kinh Bac. Skillful carving station technique, multi-storey structure forming many layers of langur, brings a splendid majestic beauty. In January 2020, the hammock door was recognized as a national treasure.

The entire 7-meter-high hammock door, including 4 floors, is intricately carved into the dragon-shaped pattern, including the techniques of carving, embossing, and piercing. The main images include dragons, fairies, lotus flowers, phoenix birds, tree leaves that truly show the rural life scene. Follow Dan trí