Tran Bien Temple of Literature – National historic site that is over 300 years old
hanguyen0409 23-03-2021, 09:11

Dong Nai is not only known as a land with many attractive entertainment spots for young people but also has famous historical relics. One of them is the Tran Bien Temple of Literature, which preserves, preserves, and honors the cultural and educational values ​​of the land of Bien Hoa. So today, please join us to find out the unique beauty of this 300-year-old Literature Temple through the following article.

Related news: Dong Nai Tourism

Address and route


Tran Bien Temple of Literature – National historic site that is over 300 years old

Tran Bien Temple of Literature – a tourist destination near Saigon (Photo ST)

Located in the campus with a total area of ​​up to 15 hectares, in Buu Long ward, Bien Hoa city, Dong Nai. Located about 33km from Ho Chi Minh City, visitors can reach here easily by many different means such as motorbikes, cars to buses. If you do not know the way to Tran Bien Temple, you can refer to the route below:

Map of the road to Tran Bien Temple of Literature (Photo ST)

– By motorbike: Departing from Ho Chi Minh city, you go along Truong Chinh Street to Hanoi Highway in Tan Hung Thuan. Then continue to Thanh Xuan – Hiep Binh Phuoc. Walk along Dai Han Highway / Hanoi Highway / NH1A and National Highway 1K to Nguyen Du in Quang Vinh, Bien Hoa City. Finally, you go along Nguyen Du to the destination of Tran Bien Temple of Literature.

Going to Tran Bien Temple by bus (Photo ST)

– By bus: From Dinh Tien Hoang, you should take bus route 05 from Cho Lon – Bien Hoa bus station. When you arrive at Bien Hoa bus station, you will walk about 30 minutes to Van Mieu Tran Bien.

Introduction to Tran Bien Temple of Literature


Pictures of the great seas visiting Tran Bien Temple (Photo ST)

This is the first temple built in Dang Trong (1715), this temple was established to honor Confucius and other Vietnamese cultural celebrities. Tran Bien Temple was born as a “Temple of Literature Quoc Tu Giam” of the South. One of the symbols of the Vietnamese traditions of learning, temperament and culture.

History of Tran Bien Temple


Temple of Literature Tran Bien – Bien Hoa (Photo ST)

In 1715 (Year of the Goat), Lord Nguyen Phuc Chu ordered Luc Pham Khanh Duc and Tran Nguyen Phan Long to build Tran Bien Temple in Tan Lai village, Phuoc Dinh district, Phuoc Chanh district. This place was built for Lord Nguyen Phuc Anh to celebrate twice a year in spring and autumn. But after 1802, when Lord Nguyen ascended the throne in Hue, the ceremony at the Temple of Literature was handed over to the governor of Gia Dinh citadel together with the governor of Bien Hoa and the governor.

Tran Bien Temple of Literature attracts many tourists to visit (Photo ST)

Tran Bien Temple has been restored twice and recorded by the celebrity Trinh Hoai Duc in the history book of Gia Dinh Thanh Thong Chi with a beautiful land position.

– The first restoration was in Giap Tiger year (1794). At that time, Lord Nguyen Phuc Anh ordered Nguyen Hong Do to take care of the restoration.

– The second restoration in the 5th year of Tu Duc (Nham Ty, 1852) was repaired on a much larger scale than before.

Inauguration ceremony of Tran Bien Temple (Photo ST)

Until 1861, Tran Bien Temple of Literature was destroyed by the French colonialists when they invaded Bien Hoa. After more than 137 years since the French colonial destruction, this work was restored on the old culture. Located about 3 km from Bien Hoa city center and close to Buu Long Cultural and Tourism Center. Up to now, Tran Bien Temple has been expanding and becoming a familiar destination for people inside and outside the province to visit.

Temple architecture of Tran Bien


Unique and beautiful dome architecture at Tran Bien Temple (Photo ST)

Built according to the architecture of Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam in the North. Including many different items such as the main church, ceremony courtyard, left vu Huu vu, … Temple of Literature was built with the purpose of expressing the tradition of respect for religion, respect for sage.

Pictures of Khue Van Cac (Photo ST)

The most prominent feature in the architectural style of Tran Bien Temple is its curved dome, emerald green tile roofing (glazed ceramic), extremely eye-catching and attractive. After visiting the Temple of Literature, visitors will in turn admire other works such as the traditional stele Tran Bien – Dong Nai, Tinh Quang lake, the three-door gate, Khue Van Cac, the second stele house worshiping Confucius. and finally the large main church.

Altar of Le Quy Don at the Temple of Literature (Photo ST)

The main church area was built in the style of an ancient house with three rooms and two wings, the floor is tiled with the ship’s brick, painted with gold paint, on the columns of the house hanging on two sides. In front of the main church you will see with your own eyes a large stele with the big words: “Hien is the gas of the nation”.

Ho Chi Minh Worship Area at Tran Bien Temple (Photo ST)

In the middle of the shrine there is an altar of President Ho Chi Minh, on the wall there is a bronze drum symbol – a typical symbol of the culture of the Hung Vuong Quoc To. On the left side of the house is a place of worship for famous Vietnamese cultural celebrities, while on the right side, there is a place of worshiping celebrities from the South.

Images of stele with traditional names at the Temple of Literature Tran Bien (Photo ST)

In addition, there are also traditional living areas including traditional houses, traditional beer and neighboring works to serve visitors to visit here.

A place to keep cultural values ​​in Dong Nai


Many young people come to burn Uncle Ho incense at Van Mieu Tran Bien (Photo ST)

Tran Bien Temple was built as a place to preserve, preserve and honor the cultural and educational values ​​of the land of Bien Hoa – Dong Nai. Through many activities and events held every year, Van Mieu Tran Bien increasingly shows its role as the cultural and educational center of Dong Nai province in particular and the southern region in general.

Reception ceremony by national historic site of Tran Bien Temple of Literature (Photo ST)

In addition to cultural and historical values, the Temple of Literature is also a unique architectural style of art, both ancient and elegant. Because of this, it has attracted hundreds of thousands of tourists from inside and outside the province to visit. In particular, the Party and State leaders, ministries, branches, diplomatic delegations and international delegations also visited this place.

Pictures of delegates burning incense receiving national historical monuments (Photo ST)

Recently, Mr. Tran Dang Ninh – Director of the Center for Tran Bien Temple of Literature, said that the Ministry of Culture – Information and Tourism has made a decision to recognize the Tran Bien Temple of Literature in Dong Nai as a national-level historical monument that needs to be protected. survival and development.

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