Vietnam is known as a multicultural country, 54 ethnic groups are 54 different cultural features, that makes up the cultural diversity of our country. Among them, traditional festivals are also a typical feature of each ethnic group.
Lunar New Year
Tet Nguyen Dan , also known as the Lunar New Year, is an official festival of the Vietnamese people. Tet begins on January 1 of the lunar calendar every year. Tet Nguyen Dan (also known as Tet Ca, Tet Ta, Lunar New Year, Traditional New Year or just simply called Tet). This is the most important and significant Lunar New Year holiday in Vietnam, along with the Lunar New Year culture of East Asian countries. Before Tet, the Vietnamese have customs such as “worshiping Apple Quan” (23 lunar December) and “worshiping Tat Nien” (29 or 30 of the lunar December). In the last days of the year, our family goes shopping for peaches and kumquats in the North, Central or tomorrow in the South. This is considered an indispensable preparation in the days before Tet.
These days, people all over the country rest, visit family, lineages, friends … go to the temple or church to pray for peace, pick buds at the beginning of the year. This is an opportunity for everyone in the family to reunite together after years of hard work, away from home to make a living. They are allowed to return together, chat, visit and wish each other best wishes. Together they clean, decorate the house, cook banh Tet, banh chung, visit their ancestors … This is an opportunity for family members to have time to talk to each other. Grandparents, parents, children and grandchildren gathered together in a pot of banh chung with a warm fire.
Hero King’s death anniversary
“Anyone going back and forth / Remember the tenth anniversary of the third anniversary .” Date of death anniversary of Hung Vuong became the major holidays of the people of Vietnam, to commemorate the Hung Kings had the merit of building and defending the country. The festival is held annually on March 10th of lunar calendar at Hung Temple – Viet Tri – Phu Tho.
Come to see you again, on this day people from all over the country and overseas expatriates gather here to commemorate the merits of the Hung Kings. Hung Vuong’s death anniversary also known as Hung Temple festival. This is a traditional festival of the Kinh people, commemorating the Hung Kings who made the contribution to the nation of Vietnam. As a major national holiday, everyone gets a holiday this day. Agencies and mass organizations often have great activities to commemorate the Hung Kings. Therefore, Hung Vuong’s death anniversarybecomes a great holiday for the Vietnamese people. It reminds us to always look to the source, to work together to build a rich and beautiful homeland.
Giong Festival is held in Phu Dong village, Gia Lam district, Hanoi. This is a traditional festival held to commemorate and praise the victory of the hero Thanh Giong , one of the four immortals of Vietnamese folk beliefs. Someone who had merit in defeating the An enemy, opening the page of golden history against foreign invaders. This is also one of the biggest festivals in the Northern Delta.
The festival takes place officially on April 9 of the lunar calendar every year, to commemorate the great merit of hero Thanh Giong . Preparatory work for the festival starts from 1-3 to 5-4 of the lunar calendar, with rehearsals for the main festival. On April 9, there was a procession from Mau Temple to Thuong Temple. Dance and singing, festival (reenacting the battle against An enemy). Finally, the desire to go to the army and the night to have cheo singing. April 10 is the festival, parade ceremony, thanksgiving ceremony to Thanh Giong.
This is the biggest and most crowded festival of the Cham people, in Ninh Thuan province. The Kate festival (also known as the memorial service of the father) takes place at Poklong Garai Tower (Ninh Thuan), or other Cham towers on July 1 of the lunar calendar (from September 25 to October 5) every day. year. The festival commemorates the national heroes, ancestors, grandparents and gods and King Poklong Garai, King Prome. During the holidays, people in the vicinity gather near the tower for the ceremony. The priests do rituals outside the courtyard and then move into the temple. The priest and the ladies bathed and changed clothes for King Po-klong.
In addition, there are traditional performances of Cham girls and boys in the lingering sound of Samanai, in the rushing beat of Ginang drums, bringing the attendees to the top. of sublimation. They like to join the dance of the Cham girls flying all over the dream heaven. Katie Festival is a sacred moment of mortal people. They awoke the ancient Cham towers to wake up, brighten up, radiating hundreds of colors, thousands of incense, contributing to enriching the multicolored cultural flower garden of the Vietnamese people.
Perfume pagoda festival
Huong pagoda festival or Huong pagoda festival is a Vietnamese festival, located in My Duc-Hanoi. In the scenic Huong Son, see the journey to a land of Buddha – where Quan The Am Bodhisattva is currently practicing. This is a great festival about the number of Buddhists participating in the pilgrimage. This festival lasts from January 6 to the end of the third lunar month.
The festival takes place all over the area far from Huong Son, My Duc district, Hanoi. This is the longest festival in our country. As the ancient Vietnamese said, Huong Son is considered the Buddha realm, and Huong Pagoda is the place to worship the Buddha of Quan Am. Part of the ceremony at Huong Pagoda is the Buddha festival, the festival at Huong Pagoda is the presence of pilgrims to the land of Buddha. During the festival, tens of thousands of people visit the mountains, caves and pray for good luck and blessings at the temples.
Dong Da Go Festival
This is a festival that takes place at Dong Da mound , in Dong Da district – Hanoi. The festival takes place on the 5th day of the lunar new year every year. This is a festival held to celebrate the victory and commemorate the great merits of King Quang Trung.
The festival took place with activities such as drum festival, bells signaling the procession of victory, symbolizing the Tay Son morale of that year. Participating in the procession were young people from villages: Khuong Thuong, Thinh Hao … dressed in festivals, followed by flags, symbols, palatial … and at the end of the procession was the image of “fire dragon” bonded with straw. Dong Quang Pagoda faces Dong Da mound . It is the place where the super praying ceremony takes place, offering incense to commemorate the merits of heroes and martyrs who have wholeheartedly worked for the people and for the country. After the ritual part, there are fun folk games, talent racing, intellectual racing such as dragon dance, lion dance, wrestling, chess, cock fighting …
The fishing festival is a festival of the people of Thai Duong Ha village, Thuan An town, Phu Vang district – Thua Thien Hue. The festival takes place on the 12th of the first lunar month, to commemorate the village’s prince, Truong Quy Cong – a native of Thanh Hoa. This general was credited with teaching the villagers here to fish and trade in boats, to escape poverty.
The three-year fishing festival is only held once, so the scale is quite solemn and solemn. On the festival there are games depicting the fishing profession of fishermen, bold people in the sea. Initially, the ceremony and a large number of fishermen respectfully presented on the main altar many offerings, incense, lights … and conducted the ceremony of Nghinh Ong (welcoming fish, whales), praying ceremony, praying. Meanwhile, many fishing boats are decorated with lights, flowers and sea processions. The festival expresses the desire for peace in the life of fishermen, who always face many uncertainties when floating on the sea. They pray for good rain and quiet wind to have a good fishing season.
Elephant racing festival
Elephant racing festival is held every year in the third lunar month. Usually takes place in Buon Don or in the thin forests located along the Xrepok river (in Dak Lak). Elephant Festival only takes place in 01 day with Elephant Race activities such as: elephant running at speed, elephant swimming across the river Xrepok, elephant soccer. Number of participants from 15 – 18 Elephants. Elephant Race Association aims to honor the martial spirit and the skill of taming elephants of the ethnic groups in the Central Highlands.
In addition, visitors coming here also enjoy unique cuisine, imbued with the identities of the local ethnic groups and can ride an elephant to visit the village, experience with elephant riding in the river. Before entering the race, a prison sound and soaring, under the orders of the organizers of the association, each group of elephants being controlled by the stewards stood on the starting position. Because it is a festival of the Central Highlands people and held in the mountains and forests, it is wild and very close to nature, bringing a jubilant and bustling atmosphere like being immersed in the wild life of mountains and forests. of course here.
The festival of Mrs. Chua Xu
This is the biggest festival of the people of the Southeast, starting from the night of April 23rd to 27th of the lunar calendar, at the Chua Xu shrine in Sam mountain, An Giang province. Activities taking place in the festival include music arts, ball dancing .. from the night of the 23rd, everyone has gathered to the temple to see the ritual of bathing Ba.
Statue of Lady Xu was taken down and used rain water mixed with perfume to bathe. The annual visit to Mrs. Chua Xu attracts a lot of tourists from all over the world, both to attend folk festivals and to pray for fortune and fortune. Tourists come here at the same time also to travel, admire the beautiful natural scenery in Sam mountain and historical sites, such as: Thoai Ngoc Hau Mausoleum, Tay An Pagoda …
Cam Muong Festival
The Lu ethnic group in Lai Chau has a spiritual mindset of the river god, the mountain god, the mountain god, the stream god, and the dragon god. That their lives are full, full or not is thanks to the protection of the gods. Therefore, they organize the Cam Muong festival to offer gifts of thanksgiving to the gods and pray for a prosperous year, the good will stay, the evil takes away.
This is a unique traditional festival of upland people, many visitors want to see once in the early spring period. Therefore, Lai Chau is very attractive at this time. The divine offering is rustic, but full of meticulousness and solemnly performed. On the offering tray beside fruits and meat wine, there were 18 green and yellow paper boats. The green color represents the immense mountain forests, the yellow colors are ripe rice fields, the image of a well-seasoned and prosperous year.
Every year, in our country, there are many festivals in different regions. Each region has different traditions, in which the festival is also a spiritual value that is focused on by the people of each region, is an opportunity for them to express the noble merit of the heroes and deities. for them. It is also a precious tradition of the Vietnamese people.
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