Besides the benefits of the Internet, Vietnam faces major cyberspace risks that can threaten national security and social order.
Vietnam suffers from cyber attacks
The Department of Cyber Security, Prevention and Combating High Tech Crime under the Ministry of Public Security, and Microsoft Vietnam organized a symposium on September 10 in Hanoi entitled “Security and Cyber Security - Keys to Ensuring Stability operations and sustainable development of agencies, organizations and companies in Vietnam ”.
Officials said that at the end of January, Vietnam had 6817 million internet users, or 70 percent of its population. About 60 million of them use social media on mobile devices, and the number of mobile phone subscribers stands at 143 million.
The Vietnam E-Business Index (EBI) 2020 report released by the Vietnam Electronic Commerce Association (VECOM) found that e-commerce was valued at around $ 11.5 billion last year. This figure is expected to exceed $ 15 billion in 2020.
During the period 2015-2025 the value of Vietnamese e-commerce is expected to reach $ 43 billion, ranking third in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Colonel Nguyen Ngoc Cuong, Deputy Director General of the Department of Cyber Security, Prevention and Combating High-Tech Crime, said that in addition to the positive aspects, Vietnam faces risks and challenges. unpredictable in cyberspace, which directly threatened national security and social order.
In 2019 Vietnam was among the countries most affected by ransomware (or extortion software) in the Asia-Pacific region. In terms of attack rates using cryptocurrency mining malware, the country is third in the region. Drive-by attacks in Vietnam are also double the average level for the region and the world.
This is alarming for Vietnamese organizations and businesses, especially in the context of the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, given that around 60000 phishing messages are reported per day, including fake ones. attached files or URL links related to COVID-19. Impostors use the names of prominent organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and the Ministry of Health to enter victims' mailboxes.
The number of cases and the severity of high tech crime are increasing with new methods and tricks, dealing a direct blow to many aspects and posing challenges to the authorities.
The law on cybersecurity was broadcast across the country, serving as the legal basis for combating cybercrime and high-tech crime.
Nguyen Ngoc Cuong added that in accordance with the framework of the Government Security Program (GSP) signed by the Ministry of Public Security and Microsoft last December, Microsoft Vietnam shared data on cyber attacks targeting the information networks of 63 Vietnamese provinces and cities. As a result, the information networks of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are the hardest hit by malware, and Vietnam's more than 3.8 million IP addresses have been infected with dozens of dangerous malware.
Important data source
Data provided by the GSP showed that between March and August 2020 up to 4.2 million IP addresses in Vietnam were infected with malware and linked 7.8 billion times to 16700 addresses of different types. malware.
Vietnamese experts stressed that the data provided by the GSP has great potential to help the country increase its defensive capacity.
Microsoft Vietnam chief executive Pham The Truong said cyber threats have become a global problem that requires the cooperation of many countries, organizations and businesses. With its social responsibility, Microsoft is ready to work with Vietnam to strengthen the country's defensive capacity in terms of digitization and participation in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
How to deploy defensive measures?
During the symposium, agencies, organizations and companies were invited to study and invest in technical infrastructure and suitable solutions, as well as to raise awareness among workers and customers about information and data security.
They must devise appropriate strategies on the matter, closely monitor the installation of devices and use legal software.
They were also urged to work with relevant agencies and to comply with cybernetic security regulations. -VietnamPlus
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