Rare and endemic species discovered in Bidoup - Nui Ba
hanguyen0409 2-08-2022, 16:04

Domestic and international scientists have discovered many new, rare and endemic species in Bidoup - Nui Ba National Park (Lam Dong), namely:

Rare and endemic species discovered in Bidoup - Nui Ba

Aristolochia neinhuisii Do (Moc Huong Neinhuis in Vietnamese). Photo: Do ​​Van Truong (Vietnam National Museum of Nature).

+ Scientists from the Vietnam National Museum of Nature, the Institute of Genome Research (under the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology) and Bidoup - Nui Ba National Park have recently discovered and recorded a new plant species as Moc Huong Neinhuis, with the scientific name of Aristolochia neinhuisii Do, and belonging to the Aristolochiaceae family.

+ Scientists from Da Lat University and Kyushu, Tohoku, Kagoshima universities in Japan have announced 3 newly discovered endemic stone chestnut species: Bidoup stone chestnut (Lithocarpus bidoupensis Ngoc & Tagane, sp. Nov); Hon Giao stone chestnut (Lithocarpus hon Giaoensis Ngoc & Binh, sp. Nov), Cong Troi stone chestnut (Lithocarpus congtroiensis Ngoc & Yahara, sp. Nov).

Species identification of Bidoup Xu Huong (Lasianthus bidoupensis V.S. Dang & Naiki).

+ Scientists from the Taiwanese Center for Plant Conservation, the Southern Institute of Ecology and Bidoup - Nui Ba National Park have discovered two new species including: Hon Giao Begonia (Begonia hongiaoensis C.W.Lin, T.C.Hsu&Luu,sp.nov.); Lam Dong begonia (Begonia lamdongiana C.W.Lin, T.C.Hsu&Luu,sp. nov.).

+ 02 new species belonging to the Tra my (Camellia) genus were published in international botanical journals: Tiny Camellia (Camellia flosculora Curry, VS Le, CQ Truong & VD Luong, sp.nov.) and Bidoup Camellia (Camellia bidoupensis Truong, Luong & Tran, sp.nov.).

+ Scientists from the Institute of Tropical Biology and the Center for Tropical Biosphere Research at the Japanese University of the Ryukyus have discovered a new plant species belonging to the Coffee (Rubiaceae) family: Bidoup Xu Huong (Lasianthus bidoupensis V.S. Dang & Naiki).

Albino porcupine. Photo: Bidoup National Park - Nui Ba.

+ Scientists from the Russian Federation, Vietnam and their colleagues announced the discovery of a new species of lizard belonging to the Gekkonidae family with the scientific name of Cyrtodactylus bidoupimontis; a new cockroach species known as Macrostylopyga bidupi; a new mushroom species known as Craspedodidymum seifertii in Jiangli area.

+ In addition, the Southern Institute of Ecology, Leibniz Wildlife Research Institute (Leibniz-IZW, Federal Republic of Germany) and Bidoup – Nui Ba National Park have cooperated in a survey of mammal species. Through the use of photographic traps, the scientists have discovered various new species including Chrotogale owstoni endemic to the Truong Son range; Giant muntjac (Muntiacus vuquangensis) - a species that was previously found only in the Truong Son mountain range and was subsequently classified as critically endangered (CR) in the IUCN red book; Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus); and albino porcupine - white porcupine, which is a very rare species to be found in the wild.

Chrotogale owstoni. Photo: Bidoup National Park - Nui Ba.

According to the World Bird Organization (BirdLife international), Bidoup - Nui Ba National Park is among the 221 endemic bird centers in the world. The National Park is a biodiversity conservation corridor with a very sparse area, adjacent to Chu Yang Sin National Park in Dak Lak and Phuoc Binh National Park in Ninh Thuan. It is also the center and core area of ​​LangBiang World Biosphere Reserve, covering an area of ​​275,439 hectares.

According to different scientists, Bidoup - Nui Ba National Park still contains many new species of flora and fauna that have not been discovered. The National Park is a preservation center to store rich natural genetic resources, making a significant contribution to the biodiversity of Vietnam.

Author: Hong Dinh Quang

Translated by Nguyen Hai Long