Given the fact that Vietnam has taken the lead in addressing the challenges regarding the South China Sea, expectations have risen regarding Vietnam’s constructive role in the overall South China Sea dispute settlement.
The article on Modern Diplomacy. (Photo: Modern Diplomacy)
Modern Diplomacy, a European magazine on international relations, published an article on August 17 in which the author, Prof. Pankaj Jha from O. P. Jindal Global University hailed Vietnam's approach and initiatives in maritime security.
The article starts by mentioning Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh' speech on a high-level open discussion of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on August 9, where he raised pertinent questions with regards to tackling the challenges related to maritime security, freedom of navigation, and how the exploration of resources should be secured for littoral countries which have significant marine resources under their respective EEZ.
'In his speech, which was a little more than seven minutes, he raised very pertinent questions about creating maritime awareness and consciousness at international level,' the article reads.
Pham Minh Chinh started his speech by addressing the increasing maritime tensions and new kinds of challenges, which raised a need for building trust and concerted efforts to resolve long impending maritime disputes. He stated that there is a need for ensuring peace and tranquillity in the maritime domain and developing the architecture for sustainable exploitation of marine resources.
One of the important aspects he raised during his speech was related to the fusion of international mechanisms and initiatives to promote regional maritime security architecture under the auspices of the UN and developing structures for sharing information and experience. The prime minister was referred to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and stated that all those maritime disputes should be resolved in accordance with the provisions of international law.
Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh on a high-level open discussion of the United Nations Security Council. (Photo: VNA)
Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh alluded to the freedom and security of navigation and overflight without any military threats or acts which can vitiate the atmosphere. He outlined how Vietnam would stand up to join the international community to achieve these objectives and promote maritime security at all levels. He addressed that peace and prosperity at seas were critical for human development and the future of mankind. The most important aspect of his speech was that he used the right words and a mature approach to address all the challenges in the maritime domain without naming or shaming any country or power as such.
Vietnam had worked with great perseverance during its chairmanship of ASEAN in 2020 where it tried to bring together ASEAN nations and China to consider implementing the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) as well as finalizing negotiations to adopt the draft Code of Conduct (COC) in the South China Sea.
'Given the fact that Vietnam has taken the lead in addressing the challenges regarding the South China Sea, expectations have risen regarding Vietnam’s constructive role in the overall South China Sea dispute settlement,' the author wrote.
The exploitation of resources on each country's EEZ must comply with international law. This must be respected, and this resonated throughout the speech of the Vietnamese Prime Minister during the special session on maritime security, according to the article.
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