Low-level supply chain participation
Currently, only about 500 firms in Vietnam are engaged in support industry production, accounting for 0.2 percent of approximately one million enterprises and providing average localization rate of 36 percent, lower than China’s and India’s.
According to a report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Vietnam's priority policy for the development of support industries is on point but needs to be improved in some aspects.
The budget for the program, for example, is relatively limited and only allocated for tax incentives and loan subsidies and excludes other supplier development activities, such as capacity improvement.
The definition of support industry is too rigid and leans toward manufacturing, while the service sector can also take on the task of export logistics, according to authors of the OECD’s “Small and Medium Enterprise Policy Report in Vietnam”.
Existing incentives could be extended to secondary suppliers to build more integrated domestic value chains, the report’s authors advise.
The monitoring and evaluation of supporting industry policy can also be further improved and coordinated with other relevant government programs for potential domestic suppliers. A more integrated approach is needed to build a vertically integrated supply chain, the report states.
Vietnam's growth model is based on attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) and promoting exports, requiring its participation in global value chains. However, the participation is only at an elementary level. In fact, Vietnam often imports input materials as an intermediary, then assembles them domestically and exports them. The content of domestic production in national exports is therefore very low, indicating that Vietnam has not yet taken advantage of the transfer of knowledge and technology.
Priority is given to the development of key support industries
Effective policies required
According to the MoIT, without effective and synchronous policies from the central to local levels to promote the development of support industry, Vietnam risks missing out on large investment capital flows from shifts in the global value chain, as well as on innovations of industrial development models.
Hung Yen Province, one of the key economic regions in northern Vietnam, has introduced favorable policies to attract industrial enterprises capable of producing and supplying components and spare parts for several domestic industries. These include support industries for mechanical engineering groups, electrical and electronic equipment, textiles and garments, leather and and footwear, auto manufacturing and assembling, and high-tech industries.
In Bac Giang Province, FDI enterprises has helped the province form a chain of support industries for electrical and electronic components, solar batteries, mechanics, accessories for the garment industry and agro-forestry industry, and more. “Bac Giang does not encourage short-term foreign investment projects, factory lease, or projects that rely heavily on loans,” said a Bac Giang representative.
The city of Hai Phong has also emerged as a new support industry development center in the north with a focus on developing the transportation sector, such as car manufacturing and shipbuilding.
Vingroup’s construction of a 70ha, VND100-trillion auto manufacturing support industry park with various auxiliary projects provides major opportunities for Vietnamese enterprises to participate in the global supply chain.
The Ministry of Industry and Trade expects localities to raise awareness of the importance of industrialization and economic restructuring and formulate policies and programs to further develop support industries.
- Vietnam sets out plans to achieve industrialization targets
- Policy push needed for mechanical engineering support industries
- Support industries urged to strive for self-sufficiency
- Vietnamese enterprises limited in global supply chain
- Vietnam mulls solutions to boost support industry development
- More domestic manufacturers participate in global supply chains
- Businesses in support industries growing in quantity, quality
- Vietnam targets major goals to develop support industries
- Frustrated by low localization rate, Vietnam seeks solutions